Alopecia Areata hair loss
Alopecia Areata Overview
This is a disease that develops when the body attacks its own hair follicles (where hair grows from), which can cause hair loss anywhere on the body.
Many people who develop alopecia areata are otherwise physically healthy. They have hair loss and sometimes changes to their nails, but they remain in good health.
Their hair loss tends to be unpredictable. Hair may regrow without treatment. This happens more often when someone has just a few bald patches. When the hair regrows, it may fall out again, or it may not.
If alopecia areata affects the nails, you may see dents, ridges, or brittle nails. Some people develop red nails. You should see your dermatologist if you notice any of these changes.
Treatment of Alopecia Areata
Hair loss can greatly affect a person’s quality of life. As a result, researchers continue to study alopecia areata. Much of this research focuses on developing more effective treatments. This is giving new hope to patients, especially those living with widespread hair loss.
Dermatologists are conducting much of this research. If you are an adult with widespread alopecia areata, your dermatologist may talk with you about the possibility of joining one of these studies.
When talking about treatment, your dermatologist may mention the type of alopecia areata that you have. There are 3 main types:
Alopecia areata: Alopecia is the medical term for bald. Areata means patchy. This patchy baldness can develop anywhere on the body, including the scalp, beard area, eyebrows, eyelashes, armpits, inside your nose, or ears.
Alopecia totalis: The person loses all hair on the scalp, so the scalp is completely bald.
Alopecia universalis: The person loses all hair, leaving the entire body hairless. This is rare.