Eczema atopic dermatitis
What is Eczema?
Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin that causes areas of red, itchy skin. This condition usually starts in early childhood, especially when there is a family history of atopy (asthma, hay fever, conjunctivitis, or food allergies). The skin fails to hold in moisture, becomes dry, then inflamed, itchy and often infected. Various combinations of factors cause the dryness. Allergies leading to an overactive immune system and hereditary dry skin (ichthyosis vulgaris) are the most prominent internal and external factors.
To treat this disease you need to work with the doctor in identifying and reducing those factors in your or your child’s life that trigger of flare-up the disease. These are different for each person, so no one therapy is appropriate for all eczema patients.
While the treatment plan will be tailored to your needs, it is likely to include 4 parts:
- Skin care (baths and moisturizer)
- Medicine (as needed)
- Coping strategies (manage itch, stress, and other issues)
- Trigger avoidance (to prevent flares)
Adapted from original source: AOCD